Rottweiler Information


Robust and powerful with a substantial medium-large build, Rottweilers, also referred to as Rotties, are often a popular breed for its ability to guard and protect. With an astounding level of intelligence, endurance, and willingness to work, the Rottweiler is an appropriate fit as a police dog, service animal, therapy dog, herder, obedience competitor, guide, and loving companion. Despite the fact that Hollywood has a tendency to portray the Rottweiler as an evil or aggressive breed, the dogs are usually good-natured, calm, and devoted to their owners. In order to find out whether a Rottweiler would be a good choice to be the next member of your family, the following is an overview of the important characteristics of the breed.

Basic Info
Other Name Rott, Rottie
Size Type Giant Dog Breeds
Breed Group Working Dog Breeds
Life Span 9 -10 years
TemperamentCalm, Fearless, Confident Good-natured, Alert, Devoted, Obedient, Self-assured, Courageous
HeightMale: 24–27 inches, Female: 22–25 inches
Weight75 to 110 lbs
ColorsBlack, Tan, Mahogany
Puppy Price Average $1200 - $2000 USD


Physical description

Body Type

The Rottweiler possesses a massive, muscular body with a broad head and rounded forehead that leads towards a well-developed long muzzle. Along with a black nose, lips, and inside of the mouth, the dog’s medium almond-shaped eyes are usually dark. While it has been recorded that some individual dogs have blue eyes or one blue and one brown eye, these traits are not recognized by the breed’s standard. The strong neck is of fair length and slightly arched, the firm back is straight and muscular, and the chest is broad. Although the practice was banned in many international countries, the tail is still docked at the first or second joint often in America. The male Rottweilers stand between 24 to 27 inches at the shoulder height with a weight of 110 to 130 pounds, but females are slightly smaller at 22 to 25 inches tall and 75 to 105 pounds.


Unlike many other breeds, the coat color and markings on a Rottweiler are completely distinctive without room for much variation. By all breed standards, the Rottweiler is always black with well-defined mahogany or rust markings that must not consist of over 10 percent of the dog’s body coloring. Rottweilers have one mahogany marking above each eye, on the cheeks, on each side of the snout, down the throat, on the forelegs, on the hindquarters, onto the hock, and underneath the tail.



With a double layered coat, Rottweilers have an outer coat of medium-length, coarse, dense, and flat fur. Beneath the topcoat and present on the neck and thighs, the undercoat is short, hard, and thick to keep the dog warm during cold weather. Some Rottweilers that live in warmer climates may have acclimatized and now lack the undercoat.


Good with Kids
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Hypoallergenic  No


The Rottweiler requires some minimal grooming requirements on part of their owners to keep their smooth, glossy coat in good condition. Although not nearly as time-consuming or complex as grooming a long-haired breed, grooming the dog is still vital because Rotties have the tendency to shed above average. It is recommended that owners brush the dogs with a firm bristle brush or slicker dog brush to remove all dead hair or matting. Not only will this ensure the skin is clean and free of irritation, it helps massage the skin to distribute natural oils for a shiny coat.

Unless a particular dog enjoys rolling in the mud or other unpleasant stuff, the Rottweiler does not need to be bathed too often and should only be bathed when necessary with gentle, moisturizing shampoo. More than just the dogs’ coat, Rottweilers also require routine care to clean their ears, eyes, and teeth. Along with giving the dogs hard treats, owners are encouraged to brush their teeth with veterinarian-approved toothpaste for clean, healthy teeth and a fresh breath. Since the Rottweiler is mostly black, their nails are also black and can be a bit challenging to trim. Nonetheless, the nails need to be cut on a monthly basis in order to guarantee that the Rottweiler does not suffer discomfort or pain from being torn.


The Rottweiler is believed to be a direct descendent of the Italian Mastiff, which was responsible for herding the animals that the ancient Romans brought with them when invading Europe. Around 74 A.D., the Roman army traveled across the Alps into the southern part of modern-day Germany into a region that was given the name Rottweil. Within the essential trade center, the descendents of the Roman cattle dogs assumed herding roles by driving the cattle to market or protecting the cattle from wild animals. As railroads became the latest method for moving stock, the breed declined so greatly that were was just one breed representative left.

However, the buildup towards World War I in Europe significantly increased the demand for police dogs and there was a rapid revival of interest in the Rottweiler. After being placed in service during the First World War as messengers, guards, and protectors, the first German Rottweiler Club was founded in 1914. It was not until 1931 when the Rottweiler became officially recognized by the American Kennel Club and was exhibited in dog show competitions. In the mid-1990s, the popularity of the Rottweiler grew to such epic proportions that it became the most registered dog with the AKC.


Although powerful and serious in nature, the Rottweiler is normally a docile breed with a laidback, calm, quiet, and reliable temperament. Yet, bred to be a natural guard dog, the brave and courage Rottweiler will defend its family fiercely if necessary. When a Rottweiler receives consistent leadership from an authoritative owner and is properly trained or socialized, the dog can be a good playmate for older children, dogs, cats, and other household pets. While familiar friends and relatives of the family are usually enthusiastically welcomed with a tail wag, strangers often can get no further than the sidewalk. With a high need for exercise, these robust dogs need to be taken on a walk or jog daily and often can run free or retrieve a ball in open country with no desire to wander from one’s side.

Interesting Rottweiler Facts

  • While Rottweilers are known for being slow to mature and not reaching full adult size until around two or three years of age, the dogs have a shorter life expectancy than many at between seven to ten years.
  • Between the 12th and 19th centuries, the breed was called Rottweiler Metzgerhunds, which translates to “butcher dogs,” because they were used to protect butcher’s money on trips to the market from thieves.
  • Despite being perhaps one of the most misunderstood dog breeds with a poor reputation for violence, the Rottweiler is currently ranked as the ninth most popular dog breed in the United States by the American Kennel Club.