Poodle Information

Overview

Poodles are formal dog breeds that come in several sizes with many coat colors. All dog registry organizations recognize the Standard Poodle, Toy Poodle and Miniature Poodle. One organization also recognizes the Medium Poodle which falls in between Standard and Miniature. Their wide range of size and color is only one factor that makes Poodle a popular dog breed. Poodles are skillful in several dog sports including agility, tracking, obedience and herding. Originally bred in Germany as a water dog, poodles have won top honors in many conformation shows. A poodle won "Best in Show" at the prestigious Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1991 and again in 2002. Poodles are active, intelligent and carry an air of distinction when properly groomed.

Poodle
Basic Info
NamePoodle
Other NamePudle, Caniche, Barbone
OriginGermany, France
Size Type
Breed Group Non-Sporting Breeds , Toy Dog Breeds
Life Span12 -15 years
TemperamentAlert, Faithful, Trainable, Instinctual, Active, Intelligent
Height10 inches
Weight5 - 10 lbs
ColorsSilver, Grey, Blue, Brown, Apricot, White, Sable, Brindle, Black, Cream, Red
Puppy Price$1000 - $1500 USD

Poodle

Physical description

Body Type

For competitions, the Standard Poodle must stand over 15 inches from the highest point of the shoulders. A Miniature Poodle should be 15 inches or less from the same point, and the Toy Poodle is 10 inches or under. For the desired squarely built appearance, length measured from the dog's breastbone to the point of the rump should be close to the same height as the highest point of the shoulders to the ground. Forelegs and hind-legs are in proportion to size.

To create an intelligent expression, eyes are dark, set far apart and oval in shape. Ears are wide, long and feathered without ear fringe of excessive length. The head is rounded with a slight stop. The muzzle is long, straight and slightly chiseled underneath the eyes.

The Poodle's neck is strong, long and well-proportioned and the head is carried high to show dignity. The chest is deep and moderately wide. Forelegs are straight and parallel with the elbow directly below the shoulder's highest point. Feet are smallish and oval with well arched toes.

Color

Black, gray, blue, silver, white and cream poodles have black a nose, eye-rims and lips and dark eyes. Toenails are either black or self-colored. The same is preferred for apricots, however kennel clubs do not qualify apricots with liver colored features. Parti-colored dogs, or dogs of two or more colors at the skin are disqualified for showing.

Coat

The Poodle's coloring is even and solid at the skin. Poodles that are blue, silver, brown gray, apricot, cream or cafe-au-lait often have varying shades of the same color in ear fringe and the tipping of the ruff. The nose, eye rims and lips of brown and Cafe-au-lait shades are liver colored. They have dark toenails and amber eyes

Characteristics
Good with Kids
 
Cat Friendly
 
Dog Friendly
 
Trainability
 
Shedding
 
Watchdog
 
Intelligence
 
Grooming
 
Popularity
 
Adaptability
 
Hypoallergenic  Yes

Grooming

Poodles do not shed, making them a good choice for those with allergies. The hair is dense, wiry and curly. The texture is unique and coats can be trimmed, clipped and shaved into fanciful shapes. For conformation competing, the coat must be styled into one of four clip styles as specified by the American Kennel Club. The "Puppy" clip may be used for Poodles under one year old. Poodles over one year old must be shown in the "Continental" or "English Saddle" clip. The "Sporting" clip is used for Brood Bitch and Stud Dog classes and in the non-competitive parade of champions.


Poodles are considered high-maintenance when it comes to grooming. Since they do not shed like other dogs, Poodles must be brushed daily or the hair will collect in the coat and become matted. This is in addition to regular grooming which should be done at least every six weeks to keep the coat in good condition. Many Poodle owners use a professional groomer to bath and trim their dogs. Others rely on a good set of electric clippers, scissors, comb, brush and toenail trimmers. Videos are available that explain how to groom a Poodle.

Some Poodles have "weepy" eyes that stain the hair just beneath. This is especially prevalent in lighter colored Poodles. Keep the area wiped with a soft cloth dampened in warm water. The ears should be checked weekly and cleaned if dirty. Use cotton balls and a gentle ear cleaner for dogs. Brush the teeth at least three times a week.

History

The Poodle breed is thought to have originated in either Germany or Russia. "Puddeln" or "Pudel" in German means puddle dog or a dog that likes to splash in water. One possible ancestor is the North African Barbet that was imported to the Iberian Peninsula and then to Gaul where it was used for hunting around the water.

The breed is often called the French Poodle. This is only because of the breed's popularity in France. It is the nation's national dog. All of the sizes of Poodles are considered as the same breed and share the same history.

Temperament

Poodles are intelligent, lively and playful. They bore easily and owners will need to provide them with toys, physical activity and plenty of attention. Make life interesting for the Poodle to keep him from being destructive. They are good with children and other animals.

Introduce the Poodle to other animals slowly. They are rarely aggressive and sometimes even act shy around strangers. They are people pleasers that love to show off and earn praise. They can be good watch dogs, barking to alert the owner of strangers.


Interesting Poodle Facts

  • German artist Albrect Durer established the Poodle image with drawings in the 15th and 16th centuries
  • Toy Poodles were developed in England in the 18th century.
  • Poodles have been used as working dogs in the military since the 17th century or sooner.