Known for being a confident, animated companion with a rather extroverted personality, the Pomeranian is a compact, toy-sized dog that is currently ranked as the 19th most popular breed by the American Kennel Club. Also affectionately referred to as simply Pom or Pom Pom by their loving owners, Pomeranians have been made increasingly popular by appearing within the houses of royalty since the 17th century and becoming one of the most fashionable small dog accessories worldwide. If you are considering welcoming a Pomeranian into your home, read on to find a full breed description and decide whether this adorably active dog is the perfect match.
|Other Name||Deutsche Spitze, Zwergspitz, Spitz nain, Spitz enano, Pom, Zwers, Pompom|
|Size Type||Small Dog Breeds|
|Breed Group||Toy Dog Breeds|
|Life Span||12 -16 years|
|Temperament||Friendly, Extroverted, Intelligent, Sociable, Active, Playful|
|Height||8 - 12 inches|
|Weight||3 - 7 lbs|
|Colors||White, Orange, Black, Tan, Brown, Grey-shaded|
|Puppy Price||Average $600 - $800 USD|
Included within the toy group, it is no surprise that the Pomeranian is a small breed that typically weighs between 4 and 8 pounds while standing at a shoulder height of 5 to 11 inches. Despite their compact size, these sturdy dogs possess a wedge-shaped head with a short and straight muzzle and well-defined stop. Although the color of the nose tends to vary with coat color, the almond-shaped medium-sized eyes are always dark brown. The small ears are set high and erect on the skull. The tufted tail is carried gracefully to lie flat against the back with the neck elegantly structured to promote the high carriage of the head. The Pomeranian has a relatively square-shaped small body that moves in a buoyant and flowing gait.
While the earliest dogs in the breed were usually white or brown, the Pomeranian now comes in the widest range of colors of any other breed. Many consider the most common coat colors to be orange, red, cream, and black, but the Pomeranian can also be white, gray, tan, wolf sable, orange sable, chocolate, and brindle with all shades in between being acceptable.
Among their most outstanding features, Pomeranians are easily identified by their abundantly textured coat that is longer around the neck and chest area. The outer coat is long, straight, and often harsh in texture, but the undercoat is much softer, thicker, and shorter to keep the Pomeranian warm in the cold seasons. Despite the popular myth that Pomeranians do not shed, the undercoat does shed once or twice a year, but they are small enough that the amount of fur being left behind is quite trifling.
|Good with Kids|
Even with all of their fabulous fur, Pomeranians are relatively easy to groom due to their small size. However, it is important to note that the grooming can be quite time-consuming because the coat will need to be brushed on a regular basis at least three times a week to prevent any uncomfortable mats or tangles. It is recommended that owners use a medium to harsh slicker brush to get down to the skin without causing pain while working from the head, parting the coat, and brushing it forward. Owners are encouraged to bathe their Pom Pom every couple of months or more often if necessary with a gentle dog shampoo. Toenails should be trimmed every other week, teeth should be brushed at least weekly, and eyes and ears must be cleaned daily to prevent any infections.
Named for the region of Pomerania in central Europe in what is today part of northern Poland and eastern Germany, the Pomeranian is believed to be the direct descendents of the much larger German Spitz breed. In fact, the Federation Cynologique Internationale still considers Pomeranians to be part of the Spitz family and in many countries the dogs are called Zwergspitz, which means Dwarf Spitz. Descending from the large working dogs from the Arctic regions, perhaps the largest influence to the breed was Queen Victoria who owned a particularly small Pomeranian.
Once weighing as much as 30 to 50 pounds, Queen Victoria began breeding the dog at her large established breeding kennel and the smaller type became immediately popular. Legend has it that throughout the Queen’s lifetime, the size of the Pomeranian decreased by nearly 50 percent. As different colors of Pomeranians from various European countries were added to the breeding program, elite royal members began to fancy the breed as companions, including Josephine de Beauharnais the wife of Napoleon I and King George IV. In 1891, the first Pomeranian breed club was established in England the breed standard was composed shortly afterwards. First registered to the American Kennel Club in 1898, Glen Rose Flashaway became the first Pomeranian to win the Toy Group at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 1926. However, it was not until 1988 that the first Pomeranian known as Great Elms Prince Charming II won the coveted Best in Show prize.
Often described as captivating with their unique cheeky personality, Pomeranians are proud, lively, intelligent, and loyal dogs that make wonderful companions for families of all sizes. One of the most independent of the toy group, the dog possesses a docile temperament with an affectionate and charming nature. As an alert, inquisitive, and active breed, the Pomeranian often serves as excellent small watchdogs and living doorbells. When properly trained to avoid Small Dog Syndrome, the Pomeranian is a well-rounded, mentally stable, and trustworthy family companion.
Despite their small size, Pomeranians still must be walked at least once a day to decrease the probability of encountering hyperactivity or behavioral problems. While the breed usually enjoys playing in a good romp in a large, fenced-in yard, playtime will not fulfill the Pomeranian’s natural instinct to walk. Since the dogs are often very active indoors, they can usually handle apartment living as long as they receive a daily walk. During the hot summer months, it is important to ensure the dog does not overheat outdoors with its furry mane though.