French Bulldog Information

Overview

Commonly described as a “clown in the cloak of a philosopher,” the French Bulldog is a small companion breed that is prized for its affectionate and playful nature. In addition to the breed having a starring role on the hit show Modern Family and the Alex Delaware mystery novels by Jonathan Kellerman, celebrities like Ashley Simpson, Reese Witherspoon, John Legend, and Hugh Jackman are proud owners of French Bulldogs. Also lovingly referred to as Frenchies, this bulldog is an exceptional pet for families, especially with young children. Read on to learn more about this dynamic breed to decide whether a French Bulldog is the right fit for your family.

French Bulldog
Basic Info
NameFrench Bulldog
Other NameBouledogue Français
OriginEngland, France
Size Type Small Dog Breeds
Breed Group Non-Sporting Breeds
Life Span9 -12 years
TemperamentAffectionate, Sociable, Lively, Alert, Patient, Athletic, Keen, Playful, Easygoing, Bright
Height11 - 12 inches
Weight28 lbs
ColorsBrindle & White, Brindle, Cream, White, Black Brindle, Fawn
Puppy PriceFrench Bulldog - French Bulldog Dog Information & Facts

French Bulldog

Physical description

Body Type

The French Bulldog is a compact, sturdy, and stocky little dog breed that is characterized by a large squared head with a rounded forehead. The muzzle with a well-defined stop is broad and deep with a black nose. While the teeth meet in an underbite on a squared lower jaw, the upper lips hang down over the lower lips. The skin is rather loose and usually forms wrinkles around the head and/or shoulders. Perhaps the French Bulldog’s most prominent feature, the ears are bat-shaped and stand erect on a broad base that narrows into a triangular shape with rounded tips. The chest is usually broad with the front of the breed being considerably wider than the rear end, thus forming a distinctive pear shape. Both female and male French Bulldogs normally weigh between 19 and 28 pounds with a shoulder height of 11 to 13 inches.

Color

Although the French Bulldog comes in a range of colors and variations, the acceptable colors under the breed standard are brindle, fawn, tan, and white. Unacceptable breed colors that may be seen include black, black and white, liver, and gray. Often times, the Frenchies exhibit a black mask, brindle markings, white markings, spots, or are piebald with a spotting pattern of large unpigmented white or brindle patches.

Coat

The French Bulldog possesses a brilliant and smooth coat with moderately fine and short hairs that require very little care. These dogs are average shedders that tend to shed their fur throughout the year in small quantities.

Characteristics
Good with Kids
 
Cat Friendly
 
Dog Friendly
 
Trainability
 
Shedding
 
Watchdog
 
Intelligence
 
Grooming
 
Popularity
 
Adaptability
 
Hypoallergenic  No

Grooming

The French Bulldog has a short, fine, smooth coat that is easy to groom. Brush him weekly with a rubber hound glove or a soft bristle brush. Bathe monthly or as needed to keep the coat clean. Frenchies don’t shed much, but twice a year they lose their undercoat. During the spring and fall shedding seasons, use a stripping comb and grooming mitt to remove the excess hair.

The only other grooming required is routine nail trimming, ear cleaning, tooth brushing and wrinkle care. The deep skin folds may need to be cleaned only a couple of times a week or every day. Wipe out the crud from the wrinkles with a soft, damp cloth or a baby wipe, then dry them thoroughly. If moisture is left behind, wrinkles become the perfect petri dish for bacterial growth. Do the same for the indentation at the tail set and the outer vulval area. The rest is basic care.

Trim the toenails as needed, usually every few weeks. They should never get long enough that you hear them clacking on the floor. Brush the teeth frequently for good dental health and fresh breath.

History

Originating directly from the ancestral dogs of the ancient Greek Molossian tribe spread throughout the ancient world by Phoenician traders and developed into the Mastiff in Britain, the French Bulldog was first bred in the early 19th century in Nottingham, England.

The breed was created when lace makers decided to form a smaller, miniature version of the English Bulldog to serve as a non-sporting companion dog. When the workers migrated to work in France in the mid-1800s of the Industrial Revolution, they happened to take their “toy” bulldogs with them. As more and more dog dealers brought these clownish little dogs with the erect bat ears to France, they soon became the rage across Paris, especially among French women.

While the breed moved up in class to garner the attention of the elite society members, the breed eventually made its way to the Americas and was bred in earnest. While the first American-based breeding program for French Bulldogs was established in 1885, the dog was not displayed at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show until 1896. After the American Kennel Club officially recognized the dog and composed the breed standard in 1906, the French Bulldog rapidly became the fifth most popular breed in America.

Eventually finding its way back to England for dog show competitions, the British were less than thrilled with the name “French” being given to a dog originally from England. However, the name French Bulldog has stuck and has continued to boast some of the most ardent fans to this day.

Temperament

French Bulldogs make wonderful companions who are playful, affectionate, and loyal. While the breed is significantly enthusiastic and lively, the dogs lack the yappy and loud characteristics that are common among smaller breeds. Often described as curious and hilarious, Frenchies have a comical personality and an interest for clowning around with companions or other pets. When the dogs are not entertaining the whole family, the French Bulldog’s favorite activities are usually cuddling and snoozing on the couch as a solid lap warmer.

Known for having high energy levels, French Bulldogs love to run and play for hours on end if allowed. Although fairly active indoors, it is recommended that owners take the dog for daily walks. Due to their flat face, compact bulky body, and compromised respiration system, it is nearly impossible for French Bulldogs to regulate their body temperature effectively.

Precautions must be made when exercising during extreme hot or humid weather because the breed is prone to suffering from heat strokes. Furthermore, French Bulldogs must never be left unattended near a swimming pool because the breed is too top heavy to swim and may drown.


Interesting French Bulldog Facts

  • French Bulldogs have appropriately earned the nickname of “Frog Dogs” due to the fact that they often can be found lying with their back legs splayed out behind them.
  • Mostly owned by the upper class throughout history, French Bulldogs used to change hands for up to $3,000 and were owned by members of very influential historical families, including the Rockefellers and J.P Morgans. Other figures who fancied Frenchies are King Edward VII, Tsar Nicholas Romanov, Empress Aleksandra, and the author Colette.
  • French Bulldogs are currently ranked as the 58th smartest breed by animal psychology expert Stanley Coren in his book “The Intelligence of Dogs.” In fact, a Frenchie named Princess Jacqueline in the early 20th century was recorded as understanding more than 20 words and reacting correctly.