Doberman Pinscher Information


The noble Doberman pincher is a member of the American Kennel Club's working group. The lean, muscular stature, attentive demeanor and sense of devotion have maintained this dog's popular status as a favorite among the top ten most registered medium breeds. The Doberman's keen intelligence, obedience and protective nature make it an excellent watchdog and a valuable contributor to the police force, the military and in search and rescue missions. The breed's loyalty and fun-loving energy have also earned it a rightful place in the household as a beloved family pet.

Doberman Pinscher
Basic Info
NameDoberman Pinscher
Other NameDoberman, Dobie, Dobermann, Dobynm (in some countries)
Size Type Large Dog Breeds
Breed Group Working Dog Breeds
Life Span10 -14 years
TemperamentIntelligent, Loyal, Energetic, Fearless, Alert, Obedient
HeightMale: 12 to 14 in; Female: 12 to 14 in
Weight66 to 88 pounds
ColorsFawn, Black, Red, Blue, White
Puppy PriceAverage $600 - $1000 USD

Doberman Pinscher

Physical description

Body Type

The Doberman's muscular, compact body is a powerhouse built for endurance and speed. They stand between 24 and 28 inches tall at the shoulder, and this measurement is equal to the length from the front of the shoulders to the rear point of the upper thigh. The muscular loins give the Doberman a powerful advantage on agility courses. Doberman pinschers weigh in at 65 to 90 pounds.

The neck, legs and head are all in proportion to the body's dimensions. The head is shaped like a blunt wedge that tapers to a long muzzle, and its dentition lines up in a perfect scissor bite. The proud carriage of the head, the curvy, tucked abdomen, sturdy, long neck and broad, deep chest give the Doberman a regal and elegant appearance.

Dobermans are born with long tails that are usually docked at the age of three days. They are also born with ears that flop down, similar to those of a hound dog. Traditionally, the ears of most Doberman puppies have been surgically cropped to stand straight up. Today, however, many veterinarians view this practice as a form of unnecessary mutilation, and an increasing number of Dobermans are sporting their natural ears.


The coloring of a Doberman's smooth coat includes red, black, blue and fawn. Each of these colors typically displays rust markings on the eyebrows, muzzle, chest and paws. A small patch of white on the chest is allowed, but a white or cream coat disqualifies a Doberman from the American Kennel Club confirmation show ring. A gaze into a Doberman's almond-shaped eyes may reveal any shade of brown. A black Doberman coat matches perfectly with a black nose, blue Dobermans have dark gray noses, the nose of a red Doberman is typically dark brown and dark tan is the usual nose color of a fawn Doberman.


The Doberman dons a tight, smooth coat for a sleek and shiny look. The coat is made up of short, coarse hairs that lay flat on the body. There are no long-haired Doberman pinchers. Blue Dobermans tend to have thinner coats than those with black, red or fawn coloration.

Good with Kids
Cat Friendly
Dog Friendly
Hypoallergenic  No


Despite the tight coat, this breed sheds moderately. However, the grooming needs of a Doberman are simple and quick. A few swipes with a slicker brush or grooming mitt once a week will remove dead hairs and minimize shedding. Unlike long-haired breeds, there are no locks to trim regularly. Bathing as needed requires no more than a thorough rub down with a towel after the bath to accelerate drying.

Dobermans with cropped ears are less likely to develop ear infections than those with natural ears that hang down. Cropped ears may be cleaned at bathing time with an ear cleaning solution and cotton balls, while floppy ears should be cleaned once weekly. Nails should be trimmed on a monthly basis, and regular walks on pavement will help to keep them filed down in between trimmings.

Dental care is as important for dogs as it is for humans. A Doberman's teeth should be brushed with a toothbrush and toothpaste that is formulated for use in pets at least three times a week to maintain a pearly white smile and overall health in between veterinary dental cleanings.


The breed was named after its creator, Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann of Apolda, Germany. The German tax collector desired a canine companion that would also serve to protect him and guard the currency. He began breeding dogs that are believed to have included the Rottweiler, the black and tan terrier, the old short-haired shepherd and the German pinscher. In 1897, the first Doberman pinschers were seen strutting their stuff in the Erfurt dog show in Germany. By 1900, the dog was recognized as an official German breed.

The American Kennel Club began registering Doberman pinschers in 1908, and the Doberman Pincher Club of America was formed in 1921. Dobermans were embraced for use in police and military service, from the battles of Guam and Okinawa during World War II through the Ground Zero search and rescue missions that followed the tragic September 11 World Trade Center disaster.

For years, the Doberman's guard dog career and exaggerated vicious roles on film and television screens earned the breed an aggressive reputation that was feared by the general population. Devoted efforts by dedicated breeders made great strides in transforming the Doberman's image to one of loyal family protector and affectionate companion.


While today's Doberman retains the attentive and determined traits to serve as alert and fearless watchdog and defender of home and family, the dog exhibits a tender side. When raised in homes with children, Dobermans will protect their young family members and alert parents when danger looms. Dobermans crave the companionship of their masters, often sticking to their sides throughout the day.

This highly energetic dog enjoys a good romp, and many pet owners enroll their Dobermans into agility training classes and competitions. They are highly intelligent, easily trained and very playful. Early obedience training is essential to establish control of these dogs, especially during their adolescent period of exuberance. Providing plenty of mental stimulation toys and activities is also helpful to maintain their focus on acceptable leisure pursuits.

Interesting Doberman Pinscher Facts

  • In 1939, Champion Ferry v Raufelsen of Giralda was the first Doberman to win the Best in Show title at the Westminster Kennel Club show.
  • The "Always Faithful" memorial statue, commissioned by the United Doberman Club, was unveiled in Guam in 1994 to honor the 25 Dobermans who lost their lives serving with the United States Marine Corps as messengers, scouts and sentries during the liberation.
  • The Doberman has appeared on screen in numerous film and television productions, including "Magnum PI," "Father of the Bride," "Eyes of An Angel," "Oliver and Company" and "Beverly Hills Chihuahua."
  • The Doberman was ranked among the top five most intelligent dog breeds by Dr. Stanley Coren, professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia, during a study that led to Dr. Corey's book that was titled "Intelligence if Dogs."