Often referred to as the “Little Hot Dog” or “Weiner Dog,” the Dachshund is a lively breed known for their long, low bodies and big friendly personalities. Making lovable and playful companions for many families with children with appropriate supervision, the American Kennel Club reports that the Dachshund is currently the 5th most popular breed in the United States. If you are considering opening your home to a Dachshund as well, read on to find a full breed description to determine whether this little hotdog dog is the right match for your family.
|Other Name||Sausage Dog, Bassotto, Worshond, Teckel, Weenie Dog|
|Size Type||Small Dog Breeds|
|Breed Group||Hound Dog Breeds|
|Life Span||12 -15 years|
|Temperament||Lively, Playful, Stubborn, Clever, Courageous, Devoted|
|Height||8 - 9 inches|
|Weight||16 - 32 pounds|
|Colors||Black & Tan, Chocolate & Cream, Cream, Black, Red, Tan, Blue, Chocolate,|
|Puppy Price||Average $400 - $600 USD|
Characterized by its trademark long body that is much more elongated than tall, the Dachshund has an oval head and slight convex skull that is arched with noticeable protruding eyebrows. With a long muzzle, robust jaw, non-pendant lips, and scissors bite teeth, the breed has almond-shaped eyes that are typically dark red or brownish black. While the mobile ears hang low and flop along the cheeks, the tail is carried straight in line with its back. The muscular body has a strong protruding sternum, short legs, and retracted abdomen. Standard Dachshunds are between 8 and 11 inches at the shoulder height with a weight over 11 pounds, but Miniature Dachshunds are considerably smaller ranging from 5 to 7 inches and weighing 11 pounds. Even more teeny, the Toy Dachshund can be up to 12 inches tall, but weighs just 8 pounds.
With a wide range of coat color variations accepted by the breed standard, Dachshunds may be solid black, red, deep auburn, strawberry blond, chocolate brown, tan, fawn, cream, grey, blue, golden blonde, or wheaten. When the dogs are bi-colored in black and tan, chocolate and tan, chocolate and cream, or blue and tan, the former color is normally the base color while the lighter shade appears on the face. Dachshunds may also be brindle, dapple, or piebald pattern.
Officially, there are three varieties of Dachshund, which are the short-haired, the wire-haired, and the long-haired. While the short-haired breed has a coat that is described as shiny, sleek, and uniform across the small body, the long-haired dogs have slightly wavy hair that is much longer under the neck, the underside of the body, the ears, and behind the legs. The wire-haired outer coat is covered with tight, short, rough, thick, and hard coarse hairs with a soft undercoat.
|Good with Kids|
As expected, the grooming requirements for the Dachshund vary greatly depending on which coat variety the dog has. Short-haired dogs will simply require owners to regular rub down their smooth hair with a damp cloth or a bristle brush to remove shedding hair. With significantly more hair, the long-haired Dachshund must be combed or brushed with a firm bristle brush on a daily basis to ensure no uncomfortable mats form. On the other hand, the wire-haired dogs will require owners to invest in professional trimmings to meet their unique needs at least twice each year. Although bathing is arguably the most fun part of grooming, Dachshunds should only be bathed every three or four months, or when necessary.
With its name literally meaning “badger dog” in German, the Dachshund traces its roots back to the early 17th century in Germany where it was bred to hunt small game, including badger, rabbit, stoat, and hare. As the result of breeding between the German Short-Haired Point, Pinscher, and Bloodhound, the Dachshund was specifically designed with its shortened legs to hunt and follow these small animals into their burrows to fight the prey to the death. Since the original dogs were larger than the modern full-size variety between 30 and 40 pounds, the breed was also responsible for locating wounded deer and hunting game as large as the wolverine.
As Queen Victoria was particularly enamored with the breed, the Dachshunds grew to be kept by royal courts all over Europe by the 19th century with new crosses creating the long-haired and wire-haired varieties. By 1885, the breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club within the Hound group. While the breed’s population considerably waned during World War I, but the Dachshunds were luckily exported from Germany to the United States to steadily increase the gene pool once again. However, the Dachshund has continued to serve as a national symbol for Germany and was even chosen to be the first official mascot for the Summer Olympics of 1972 in Munich.
With a clever, lively, and courageous disposition that gives the impression that they do not care about their relatively small size, the Dachshund is often described as being curious, proud, confident, brave, affectionate, playful, and rather amusing. Requiring an owner who understands how to be a firm, consistent pack leader, the dogs will otherwise develop Small Dog Syndrome that causes negative behavioral problems of guarding furniture, separation anxiety, snapping, biting, guarding food, obsessive barking, and unpredictability. However, Dachshunds that have strong human leadership along with regular exercise usually make wonderful family companions with a pleasant temperament.
Since Dachshunds are prone to becoming overweight and suffering from serious health risks of heart disease and diabetes, it is essential that owners walk their dogs daily. As active dogs with surprisingly strong stamina, Dachshunds also enjoy plenty of playtime sessions at the park or other safe, fenced-in areas. While owners should discourage their Dachshund from jumping due to the tendency for spinal disc problems, the dogs must be able to satisfy their natural instincts and work off energy. Although they are normally fine with other pets and children, some may be jealous, stubborn, or irritable without proper leadership.