Affenpinscher Information

Overview

The Affenpinscher is a terrier type breed that originated in Cenral Europe, specifically Munich, Germany and France. The name Affenpinscher translates from German into Monkey Terrier. It is one of the oldest breeds in the Toy Group. During the 17th century they were kept on farms and stores to serve as ratters and in the home to keep mice out of the mistresses' boudoirs. It is an energetic little dog with the face and impishness of a monkey. They strut around with all the confidence of a larger dog. Their small size makes them a good dog for city and apartment dwellers. They are active indoors and can most of their exercise inside.

Affenpinscher
Basic Info
NameAffenpinscher
Other NameAffen, Affie, Monkey Dog
Origin Germany, France
Size Type Small Dog Breeds
Breed Group Toy Dog Breeds
Life Span 11-14 years
TemperamentPlayful, Stubborn, Adventurous, Curious, Active, Fun-loving
Height9 to 11.5 inches
Weight 6 to 13 lbs
Colorsblack and tan, or belge, Black, grey, silver, red, all with or without black mask (mixed black, white, brown and red hairs)
Puppy Price$300 - $500 USD

Affenpinscher

Physical description

Body Type

Although small, the sturdy, compact Affenpinscher is not delicate. Their height at the withers is between 9 and 1/2 inches and 11 and 1/2 inches. They weigh between 6 and 13 pounds. The height is approximately the same as body length from shoulder to buttocks. Female dogs are slightly longer.

The head is in good proportion to the body and carried confidently. The top of the skull is round and domed. The face has a monkey-like expression with round, brilliant eyes. The ears are cropped, set high and are either erect, semi-erect or dropped. The length of the muzzle is about the same as the distance between the eyes. The lower lip is prominent and the bite is either level or slightly undershot.

The neck is short and straight. The chest is fairly broad and deep with moderately sprung ribs. The short, level back has a strong loin. The tail is either docked or natural. The docked tail is set high and carried erect. The natural tail is also set high but curves gently over the back when the dog is walking.

The length of the upper arms and shoulder blades are approximately the same. The shoulders have a slight lay-back. The elbows are close to the body. The front legs look straight from all directions. The pasterns are straight and short, and the feet are small and round.

The hindlegs are straight when viewing from the back and set under the body when viewing from the side. The length of upper and second thighs are about the same with a slight bend to the stifle. The hocks are slightly angled.

Color

The Affenpinscher's coat hair is thick and rough and about one-inch in length on the shoulders and body. The hair may be shorter on the backside and the tail. The hair on the head, chest, neck, stomach and legs is a little longer and softer. An adult will have a cape of sturdy hair that blends into the back coat near the withers. Longer hair on the head, beard and eyebrows frames the face to form the monkey-like expression.

Coat colors include black, red, silver, gray, black and tan or belge (a mixture of black and reddish brown.) Dogs with a black coat may have a few silver or white areas mixed in or may have a rusty cast. Reds vary from orange-tan to brownish red. The belge color coats have black, brown and/or white mixed in the red. Some dogs may have a small white spot on the chest. This is not penalized by kennel clubs but large white patches are not desirable.

Coat

The Affenpinscher's coat hair is thick and rough and about one-inch in length on the shoulders and body. The hair may be shorter on the backside and the tail. The hair on the head, chest, neck, stomach and legs is a little longer and softer. An adult will have a cape of sturdy hair that blends into the back coat near the withers. Longer hair on the head, beard and eyebrows frames the face to form the monkey-like expression.

Coat colors include black, red, silver, gray, black and tan or belge (a mixture of black and reddish brown.) Dogs with a black coat may have a few silver or white areas mixed in or may have a rusty cast. Reds vary from orange-tan to brownish red. The belge color coats have black, brown and/or white mixed in the red. Some dogs may have a small white spot on the chest. This is not penalized by kennel clubs but large white patches are not desirable.

Characteristics
Good with Kids
 
Cat Friendly
 
Dog Friendly
 
Trainability
 
Shedding
 
Watchdog
 
Intelligence
 
Grooming
 
Popularity
 
Adaptability
 
Hypoallergenic  Yes

Grooming

Brush and comb the Affenpinscher's wiry coat at least twice a week. Trim the coat twice a year. This is usually done by a professional grooming, but it is possible to learn how to do it at home. Take care not to clip the hair too short, if so, it will ruin the coat for several years. If hair grows in the corners of the eyes, it should be carefully trimmed.

Bathe the Affenpinscher infrequently with a mild shampoo. Unnecessary bathing will strip the coat of natural oils and cause dryness. This breed sheds very little and is hypoallergenic. A good balance of grooming without over-grooming blends the varying lengths of hair to maintain a shaggy but neat appearance.

History

One of the most ancient toy breeds, no exact data on origin exists for the Affenpinscher. It is definitely related to the Brussels Griffon and most likely related to the terrier. Because the word "Affenpinscher" means Monkey Terrier in German, it is generally accepted that the breed was developed in Germany.

It is thought that the original Affenpinscher was larger and worked as a ratter. It was developed into a miniature dog during the 18th and 19th centuries. Primarily a companion dog today, the breed was accepted into the AKC's studbook in 1936.

Temperament

With a terrier-like personality, the Affenpinscher gets along well with with dogs and pets. They are playful, mischievous, busy, bold and stubborn. It is an intelligent, confident dog and a fearless defender. The owner must set boundaries and limitations to prevent the dog from becoming the boss. The owner must be the pack leader to prevent negative behaviors such as growling and snapping.

The intelligent Affenpincher learns commands quickly. Vary the training so that the dog does not become bored. Be firm and consistent. Behavior will be better if the dog is walked daily or given some freedom to romp in a fenced-in area. It loves to join in family activities. In the correct atmosphere and with proper training, the Affenpinscher will be a loving and loyal companion.


Interesting Affenpinscher Facts

  • In 2013, an Affenpinscher won Best in Show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show.
  • If attacked, the Affenpinsher will show no fear towards their aggressor.
  • Affenpinchers are very territorial, possessive of their toys, and may not be the best pet around small children.